International Marguerite Porete Society

International Bibliography on Marguerite Porete and the Mirror of Simple Souls

Manuscrits existants • Extant Manuscripts • Manoscritti esistenti • Bestehenden Handschriften

Manuscrits perdus? • Lost Manuscripts? • Manoscritti perduti? • Verloren Handschriften?

Manuscrits existants • Extant Manuscripts • Manoscritti esistenti • Bestehenden Handschriften

Manuscrits perdus? • Lost Manuscripts? • Manoscritti perduti? • Verloren Handschriften?

Editions et traductions • Editions and Translations • Edizioni e traduzioni • Ausgaben und Übersetzungen

Références douteuses • Dubious References • Riferimenti dubbi • Fraglichen Anspielungen

Sources historiques • Historical Sources • Fonti storiche • Historische Quellen

Etudes • Studies • Studi • Studien

Thèses en cours • Theses in Progress • Tesi in corso • Dissertationen in Vorbereitung

Dans la littérature et culture moderne • In modern literature and culture

Manuscrits existants • Extant Manuscripts • Manoscritti esistenti • Bestehenden Handschriften

Chantilly, Musée Condé ms. F xiv 26 (catalogue #157, formerly #986, and #298 as of 1686), 119 folios, Le mirouer des simples ames, in Middle French, copied in the region of Orleans, on paper, late 1400s or c. 1500; incipit “[A]me de Dieu touchee et denuee de peché ou premier estat de grace…” Description at Calames and catalogue description. Verdeyen puts the date toward the late 1400s (“Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, vii). Verdeyen describes the manuscript briefly, “Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, viii; and Guarnieri offers more detail, “Il Movimento,” 502-504. The text was published by Guarnieri, three times; her edition (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols Publishers, 1986) remains indispensable despite some imperfections. Black-and-white photos of the Chantilly manuscript are for sale via the Médium database.

Valenciennes, Bibliothèque municipale ms. 239 (formerly numbered 230), principally folio 69, untitled fragments in Old French, Picard dialect, on paper, copied in the fifteenth century; the fragments are not mentioned in Mangeart’s extensive catalogue description, other remarks, nor the briefer catalogue description; these are much improved on by Hasenohr, “La tradition,” pages 1352-1358. Hasenohr published the fragments as an appendix to “La tradition,” pages 1361-1363.

Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ms. Chigiano B IV 41, folios 49-114, Speculum simplicium animarum, in Latin, in an Italian hand, on paper, circa 1398. Described briefly by Verdeyen, “Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, ix-x, labeling it “C”; and in greater detail by Verdeyen, “La première tradition latine du Miroir de Marguerite Porete,” 388-389. This is among the Latin manuscripts edited by Verdeyen on facing pages with the Middle French ed. Guarnieri.

Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ms. Vat. Latin 4355, Speculum simplicium animarum, in Latin, by two Italian copyists, on paper, circa 1380-1400. Folios 1-55. Incipit “Anima a Deo tacta a peccatis mundata et in primo statu genere sita ascendit per diuinam gratiam…” Described by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 505, labeling it “Vat.2″; and Verdeyen, “Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, viii-ix, labeling it “A.” This is among the Latin manuscripts edited by Verdeyen on facing pages with the Middle French ed. Guarnieri.

Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ms. Rossiano 4, folios 1-158r, Speculum simplicium animarum in voluntate et desiderio morantium, in Latin, on parchment, fourteenth century. Incipit “Anima tacta a Deo et a peccatis exuta in primo…” Described by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 505, labeling it “Vat.1″; and Verdeyen, “Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, ix-x, labeling it “B.” This is among the Latin manuscripts edited by Verdeyen on facing pages with the Middle French ed. Guarnieri.

Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ms. Latin 4953, folios 29-33, a list of 30 short excerpts from the Speculum with refutations, in Latin, on parchment, c. 1438. Described by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 506, labeling it “Vat.4″; and Verdeyen, “Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, ix-x, labeling it “F.” Published by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 650-660.

Oxford, Bodleian Library ms. Laud Latin 46 (Summary Catalogue #1012), just folio 70v, the first folio of the Speculum animarum simplicium orAlias vocatur Margarita, in Latin, 1400s, originally 30 folios long; from Germany according to the catalogue description. Incipit “Anima tacta a Deo et a peccatis exuta…” Older index. Also described by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 506, labeling it “Ox1″; and Verdeyen, “Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, ix-x, labeling it “E.” Reproduced as a somewhat legible photograph in Kerby-Fulton, Books Under Suspicion, page 277.

Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ms. Chigiano C IV 85, folios 93r-140v, Speculum animarum simplicium in voluntate et desiderio morantium or Anima adnichilata, in Latin, on paper, from the Benedictine monastery of Sancto Speco, at Subiaco, in Lazio, Italy, in 1521. Incipit “Anima tacta a Deo et a peccatis exuta in primo gratie statu ascendit per diuinam gratiam ad septimum gratie gradum…” Catalogue entry. Perhaps the alternate title should be transcribed Anima annihilata. Described by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 505, labeling it “Vat.3″; and Verdeyen, “Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, xi, labeling it “D.” This is among the Latin manuscripts edited by Verdeyen on facing pages with the Middle French ed. Guarnieri.

Florence [Firenze], Biblioteca Riccardiana ms. 1468, folios 3-88, Specchio delle anime semplici / Liber or Speculum simplicium animarum, in Italian, first translation from Continental Latin, on paper, 1300s; catalogue description and old catalogue entry. Described by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 506-507, labeling it “Fi.” Reproduced in a somewhat legible facsimile, by Prode Vaniglia, as Il manoscritto del libero spirito: Copia anastatica dello Speculum simplicium animarum. Gugnano di Casaletto, Lodi: Mamma, 1999. Edited by Romana Guarnieri as an appendix to Giovanna Fozzer’s translation, Lo specchio dell’anime semplici. Milano: San Paolo, 1994. 503-624.

Naples [Napoli], Biblioteca Nazionale ms. XII F 5, folios 1-132, Specchio dell anime semplici, in Italian, second translation from Continental Latin, on parchment, from the monastery of St Francis at Capistrano, attributed to Blessed Margaret of Hungary, 1300s; description. Also described by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 507, labeling it “Na.”

Vienna [Wien], Österreichische Nationalbibliothek ms. Palatino 15093, folios 1r-127r, Specchio dell’ anime semplice, in Italian, second translation from Continental Latin, on paper, attributed to Blessed Margaret of Hungary, dating to 1400-1449. Described by Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 508, labeling it “Vi.” Brief old catalogue description; current electronic catalogue description and complete photographed manuscript online (click “Digitalisat” for open access to the photos).

Budapest, Orzágos Széchényi Könyvtár ms. Oct. Ital. 15, Specchio delle anime pure overo humile, in Italian, second translation from Continental Latin, on paper, attributed to Blessed Margaret of Hungary, circa 1450-1500; brief catalogue listing. Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 508, calls it “Bu.”

Cambridge, St. John’s College ms. 71 (formerly #21) þe Myrour of Symple Soules, in Middle English, of the branch translated from French by M. N., on vellum, from the London Charterhouse, mid-1400s; catalogue description. Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 508, calls it “Ca1″; Doiron, “Introduction,” 244, calls it manuscript J. This is the base text among the Middle English manuscripts used by Doiron for her edition.

Oxford, Bodleian Library ms. Bodley 505 (formerly catalogue #2676), folios 93r-219v, The Myrrour of Symple Soulis, on parchment, in Middle English, of the branch translated from French by M. N., 1400s; incipits “To þe worchyp and laude of þe trinite be þis work biginne and endid…” (folio 93r), “heere bigynneþ þe prolge in two chapitres upon þe same boke þat loue nameþ þe mirrour of symple soulis…” (folio 95r), “O soule touched of god disseuered of synne in þe first estate of grace…” (folio 96r). Old catalogue description. Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 508, calls it “Ox2″; Doiron, “Introduction,” 244, calls it manuscript B. This is among the Middle English manuscripts used by Doiron for her edition. A few pages are transcribed in the Middle English Grammar Project; these enable the Linguistic Atlas of Late Medieval English to identify the manuscript’s origin as being in Cambridgeshire.

London, British Library ms. Additional 37790 (formerly Amherst ms. 28, in the Amherst auction catalogue p. 159 item 813), folios 137r-225r, þe Myrroure of Symple Saules, on vellum, in Middle English, of the branch translated from French by M. N., early to mid-15C, in a codex (partially?) dated 1434 and 1435; incipits “I creature made of the makere • bi me • that the makere hase made of hym this boke…” (folio 143v), “O soule touched of god • dissev[er]ed of synne • in the ffirst estate of grace…” (folio 144r). Catalogue description. Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 504, calls it “Lo”; Doiron, “Introduction,” 244, calls it manuscript A. This is among the Middle English manuscripts used by Doiron for her edition.

Cambridge, Pembroke College ms. 221, folios 49-107, Speculum animarum simplicium, on vellum, in Latin, translated from Middle English by Richard Furth of Methley, at Mount Grace (Yorkshire), attributing it to “Russhbroke,” in 1491. Incipit “O anima a Deo tacta a peccato separata…” Catalogue description. Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 509, calls it “Ca2.” Edited by John P. H. Clark, superseding the unpublished proofs by James Walsh and Edmund Colledge.

Manuscrits perdus? • Lost Manuscripts? • Manoscritti perduti? • Verloren Handschriften?

(This list of copies known to have existed, but that are lost or whose whereabouts are unknown, continues to grow; kindly let us know as others come to light.)

Bourges, Bibliothèque municipale ms. 120 (previously #109, and before that catalogue #350), folios 1-44, Le miroir des simples ames aneanties par amour, in French, 17th-century copy on paper in small format. It measured just 160 mm by 105 mm (that is, 6.3 by 4.1 inches), in-12 (duodecimo) format, smaller than a modern paperback. Probably it was stamped with a circular mark of ownership in red ink like the one at the lower right-hand corner of this page (“Ville de Bourges / Bibliothèque Publique / Cher”). Old catalogue description and older description probably with an error (“ancantées” [sic]) not present in still older lists. Lost in 1961; discussed in Verdeyen, “Introduction” to Speculum/Mirouer, vi; and Guarnieri, “Il Movimento,” 501-502.

Ce manuscrit perdu appartient à la bibliothèque municipale de Bourges. Si vous avez des renseignements pertinents au destin de ce manuscrit, on vous prie de bien vouloir contacter la bibliothèque à mediatheque@ville-bourges.fr . La Société Internationale Marguerite Porete serait reconnaissante du retour de ce manuscrit unique à la bibliothèque à laquelle il appartient.

This lost manuscript belongs to the municipal library of Bourges, France. Anyone who has clues about the manuscript’s fate or location is urged to contact the Municipal Library of Bourges at mediatheque@ville-bourges.fr . The International Marguerite Porete Society would be grateful for the safe return of this unique manuscript to its home library.

Dijon, personal library of the apothecary Amyot Salmonnet dit Blaise, ms “parlant de l’Ame de Dieu touchée,” in French, on paper, extant as of 1482. The inventory of Salmonnet’s books is itself ms Dijon, Archives départementales de la Côte-d’Or, B 2/356 -6, liasse XI. The inventory was published by Paul Dorveaux, “Inventaire de la bibliothèque d’un apothicaire de Dijon en 1482,” Le bibliographe moderne: Courrier international des archives et des bibliothèques 2 (1898): p. 314 item 44; this superseded Charles Victor Daremberg, Histoire des sciences medicales, vol. 1, Paris: J.-B. Ballière, 1870, 317-318n2; and superseded Michel-Hilaire Clément-Janin, Les imprimeurs et les libraires dans la Côte-d’Or, 2nd ed. Dijon: Darantière, 1883, p. 107 item 45. Discussed by Kocher, “The Apothecary’s Mirror of Simple Souls: Circulation and Reception of Marguerite Porete’s Book in Fifteenth-Century France,” Modern Philology 111.1 (August 2013): 23-47.

Tours, Le Myrouer des simples ames anéanties, in French, as of 1490-1500, mentioned in a book list titled “Livres en françois escriptz à la main à Tours devant l’hostel Monseigneur de Dunois,” described in the Catalogue des manuscrits français, vol. 1, Ancien fonds, Paris, 1868, p. 541 item 47. The list was published by Achille Chereau as Catalogue d’un marchand libraire du XVe siècle tenant boutique à Tours, avec notes explicatives. Paris: Académie des bibliophiles, 1868, where this Myrouer is p. 26 item 65. The list was republished by Graham Runnalls, “The Catalogue of the Tours Bookseller and Antoine Vérard,” Pluteus 2 (1984): 166-174. The book list itself is within ms. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France fr. 2912, fols. 78-82.

Ghent [Gand], Beguinage of Our Lady “Ter Hooie,” “eenen bouc hoe haar een siele naect sal hauden an Gode, ende hi es ghescreven in vransine” (“a book about how ‘a soul shall hold itself naked to God,’ and it is written on parchment”), in the list of books donated by Elisabeth de Grutere (or de Gruutere, or sGruters) of Ghent to the Beguinage of Our Lady “Ter Hooie” around the time of her death in 1499 or 1500. The booklist itself is in the Archives of the Beguinage of Our Lady “Ter Hooie,” Winnepennick Collection, unnumbered paper register, fol. 2r-v. It was published by Albert Derolez in Corpus catalogorum Belgii: The Medieval Booklists of the Southern Low Countries, vol. 3. Brussels: Paleis der Academiën, 1999, p. 28 item 5. Discussed by Walter Simons, Cities of Ladies: Beguine Communities in the Medieval Low Countries, 1200–1565. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001, p. 137 and 220n103, and elsewhere.

Venice [Venezia], monastery of San Michele di Murano, Speculum animarum in voluntate et desiderio morantium, in Latin, attributed to Jerome of Prague [Hieronymi Pragensis]. Catalogued in the library at the Camaldolese Benedictine monastery of St. Michael near Murano in Venice, in the 1700s, by Nicola Giacomo Mittarelli [Giovanni Benedetto Mittarelli], that list published as Bibliotheca codicum manuscriptorum monasterii S. Michaelis Venetiarum prope Murianum, una cum appendice librorum impressorum seculi XV, opus posthumum Johannis-Benedicti Mittarelli. Venice: Typographia Fentiana, 1779, col. 507.

Padua [Padova], monastery of St. Giustina, ms containing “detestationes seu reprobationes super multis contentis in quodam libro qui intitulatur: Speculum simplicium animarum,” in the inventory of the library of the Benedictine monastery of St. Giustina as of 1453-1484, published among the Indici e Cataloghi vol. 5, Manoscritti Italiani delle bibliotheche di Francia vol. 2. Rome: Presso i Principali Libraie, 1887, p. 610 item 379. The inventory itself is ms. Padua, Library of St. Giustina 538.

Editions et traductions • Editions and translations • Edizioni e traduzioni • Ausgaben & Übersetzungen

Babinsky, Ellen, trans. and intro. The Mirror of Simple Souls. By Marguerite Porete. New York: Paulist Press, 1993. [Modern English translation from the Middle French.]

Behnke, Carolyn, trans. and intro. “‘The Mirror of Simple and Annihilated Souls‘: A Translation from the French.” By Marguerite Porete. Diss. University of Cincinnati, 1996. [Annotated translation from the Middle French into modern English.]

Clark, John P. H., ed. and intro. Speculum animarum simplicium, A Glossed Latin Version of The Mirror of Simple Souls, trans. Richard Methley. 2 vols. Analecta Cartusiana, 266. Salzburg: Institut fur Anglistik und Amerikanistik, Universität Salzburg, 2010. [Edition of the version that Richard Methley translated from Middle English into Latin, ms. Cambridge, Pembroke College 221.]

Colledge, Edmund, Judith Grant, and J. C. Marler, trans. (into English), notes, and intro. The Mirror of Simple Souls. By “Margaret Porette” [sic]. Foreword by Kent Emery, Jr. Introduction by J. C. Marler. Notre Dame Texts in Medieval Culture 6. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1999. [Modern English translation from the Middle French.]

Crawford, Charles, ed. and trans. A Mirror for Simple Souls. “By an Anonymous Thirteenth-Century French Mystic.” [sic]. New York: Crossroad, 1981. Revised as A Mirror for Simple Souls: The Mystical Work of Marguerite Porete. Ed. and trans. Charles Crawford. Intro. Anne L. Barstow. New York: Crossroad, 1990. [Modern English adaptation of Clare Kirchberger's modern English translation of M. N.'s Middle English translation of the medieval French text. Rightly called "a colloquial-English abridgment drawn from the Kirchberger version, apparently in complete ignorance of all more recent scholarship" — Michael G. Sargent, "Le Mirouer des simples âmes and the English Mystical Tradition," page 463 note 3.]

de Corberon [pseudonym of Louis Gros?], ed. Le miroir des simples âmes [chapters 1 to 31]. By Marguerite Porete. Etudes Traditionelles (1955-1958). [Annotated transcription of chapters 1–31 of the Middle French, published in 14 short sections: issue #322 (March 1955): p. 49-61 {introduction}, #325 (July-August 1955): 210-227?, #329 (December 1955): 360-374 {this last page is misnumbered}, #329 (January-February 1956): 32-36, #331 (April-May 1956): 110-120, #332 (June 1956): 180-187, #334 (September 1956): 244-267, #336 (December 1956): 354-367, #337 (January-February 1957): 26-41, #339 (April-May 1957): 122-134, #341 (July-August 1957): 204-230, #344 (December 1957): 340-363, #345 (January-February 1958): 16-36, #349 (September-October 1958): 196-211.]

Doiron, Marilyn, ed. “The Mirror of Simple Souls: A Middle English Translation.” Archivio italiano per la storia della pietà 5 (1968): 241–355. [Edition of the three manuscripts of M. N.'s Middle English translation from medieval French.]

Doiron, Marilyn, ed. and intro. “The Mirrour of Simple Souls: An Edition and Commentary.” By Marguerite Porete. Diss. Fordham University, 1964. [Edition of the three Middle English manuscripts of M. N.'s translation from medieval French.]

Falvay, Dávid, trans. and intro. “Marguerite Porete az Egyszerű lelkek tükre és annak magyar vonatkozásai” (“Marguerite Porete, Her Miroir des simples âmes, and Its Hungarian Connections”). Aetas: Történettudományi folyóirat 17.4 (2002): 155-162. Online. [Includes the Prologue of Budapest, Orzágos Széchényi Könyvtar ms. Oct. Ital. 15, translated from Italian into Hungarian.]

Feroldi, Donata, trans. Lo specchio delle anime semplici. By Marguerite Porete. Intro. Angelo Morino. Palermo: Sellerio, 1995. [Modern Italian translation from the Middle French.]

Fozzer, Giovanna. trans. Lo specchio delle anime semplici. By Marguerite Porete. Preface by Romana Guarnieri. Notes by Marco Vannini. Classici del Pensiero Cristiano 9. Milano: San Paolo, 1994. [Modern Italian translation from the Middle French, plus an edition of the Italian manuscript Firenze (Florence), Biblioteca Nazionale ms. Riccardiano 1468.]

Garí, Blanca, trans. El Espejo de las Almas Simples. By Marguerite Porete. El Árbol del paraíso 45. Madrid: Siruela, 2005. [Modern Spanish translation from the Middle French.]

Garí, Blanca, and Alicia Padrós-Wolff, trans. and intro. El Espejo de las Almas Simples. Hermana Katrei. By Marguerite Porete, and an anonymous author, respectively. Icaria Antrazyt 77. Barcelona: Icaria, 1995. [Modern Spanish translations from the Middle French and the German, respectively.]

Garí, Blanca, and Rosamaria Aguadé, trans. L’Espill de les ànimes simples. By Marguerite Porete. Clàssics del Cristianisme 85. Barcelona: Proa, 2001. [Modern Catalan translation from the Middle French.]

Gnädinger, Louise, trans. and postface. Der Spiegel der Einfachen Seelen: Wege der Frauenmystik, Unbekanntes Christentum. By Marguerite Porete. Zurich: Artemis, 1987. Kevelaer: Topos plus, 2010. [Modern German translation from the Middle French.]

Gros, Louis → de Corberon.

Guarnieri, Romana, ed. Le mirouer des simples ames anienties et qui seulement demourent en vouloir et desir d’amour: Edizione provvisoria in 100 esemplari fuori commercio del ms. Chantilly, Condé F. XIV 26 – ancien 986. By Marguerite Porete. Rome: Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 1961. [Middle French text, republished in 1965 and 1986.]

Guarnieri, Romana, ed. and intro. “Il Movimento del Libero Spirito II: Il Miroir des simples ames di Margherita Porete.” Archivio italiano per la storia della pieta 4 (1965): 513-635. [Middle French text, published for the second of three times.]

Guarnieri, Romana, and Paul Verdeyen, eds. Speculum simplicium animarum/ Le mirouer des simples âmes. By Marguerite Porete. Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis 69. Turnhout: Brepols, 1986. [Middle French text edited by Romana Guarnieri, on facing pages with the medieval Latin text edited by Paul Verdeyen from the four Continental Latin manuscripts. Indispensable despite its imperfections.]

Guarnieri, Romana, ed. and intro. Lo specchio dell’anime semplici. By Marguerite Porete. Milano: San Paolo, 1994. [Edition of the medieval Italian manuscript Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale di Firenze ms. Riccardiano 1468, appended to the modern Italian translation by Giovanna Fozzer from the Middle French.]

Huot de Longchamp, Max, intro., trans., and notes. Le miroir des âmes simples et anéanties. By Marguerite Porete. Spiritualités vivantes 147. Paris: Albin Michel, 1984; reprinted 1997 and 2011. [Modern French translation from the Middle French.]

Kern, Bruno, trans. Der Spiegel der einfachen Seelen: Mystik der Freiheit. Wiesbaden: Marix, 2011. [Modern German translation from the Middle French, following Guarnieri's 1986 edition.]

Kirchberger, Clare. Intro, trans. and notes. The Mirror of Simple Souls. “By an unknown French mystic.” [By Marguerite Porete.] Orchard Books 15. London: Burns, Oates, and Washbourne; New York: Benzinger Brothers, 1927. [Modern English translation from Middle English, using Bodley 505 as the base text. Republished under the title The Mirror of Simple Souls, From the 15th Century Translation of the French Manuscript [sic]. Vancouver: Soul Care Publishing, 2012; the Kindle version of this can be previewed.]

Leskovar, Matej, trans. “Zrcalo preprostih duš.” By Marguerite Porete. Tretji dan Ljubljana 31.1-2 (Jan.-Feb. 2002): 30-39. [Modern Slovenian translation of an excerpt from the work?]

Levine, Don Eric, trans. “Marguerite Porete, from ‘The Mirror of Simple Souls Who Are Annihilated and Who Only Remain in the Will and Desire for Love.’” Medieval Women’s Visionary Literature, ed. Elizabeth Alvilda Petroff. New York: Bynum, 1986. 294-298. [Excerpts translated into English.]

Mayumi, Tomihara [冨原眞弓], transl. 中世思想原典集成 [Chūsei shisō genten shūsei] [Corpus fontium mentis medii aevi], vol. 15, 女性の神秘家 [Josei no shinpika] [Women's Mysticism], ed. Jōchi Daigaku and Chūsei Shisō Kenkyūjo. Tokyo: 平凡社 [Heibonsha], 2002. [Extracts by women mystics of medieval Europe, including a selection from the Mirror translated into modern Japanese.]

Salberg, Trond Kruke. “De enkle sjelers speil.” By Marguerite Porete. Den levende kjærlighets flamme: Kristen mystikk fra Augustin til vår tid, ed. Jan-Erik Ebbestad Hansen. Oslo: Gyldendal, 2000. p. 246-292? [Chapters 44-49, 81, 84, and 86, translated from Middle French into Norwegian.]

Sargent, Michael G., ed. “Mirror Collation: A Complete Collation of the Section of Text for which All Manuscript Witnesses Survive.” Online.

Spearing, A. C., trans. “Marguerite Porete: Extracts from the Mirror of Simple Souls. Medieval Writings on Female Spirituality, ed. and intro. Elizabeth Spearing. New York: Penguin Books, 2002. 120-144. [Excerpts translated into modern English.]

Schwartz, Sílvia, trans. Espelho das almas simples e aniquiladas e que permanecem somente na vontade e no desejo do amor. Petrópolis, Brazil: Editora Vozes, 2008. [Translation from Middle French into modern Portuguese.]

Underhill, Evelyn., ed. [?] “The Mirror of Simple Souls.” [Intro. and extracts]. The Porch, Series 1, no. 8 (1910 or 1911?): 2-4.

Vaniglia, Prode, ed., Il manoscritto del libero spirito: Copia anastatica dello Speculum simplicium animarum. Gugnano di Casaletto, Lodi: Mamma, 1999. [Facsimile of the Italian manuscript Firenze (Florence), Biblioteca Riccardiana 1468. Sample pages online.]

Walsh, James, and Edmund Colledge, eds. and intro. “The Cloud of Unknowing and the Mirror of Simple Souls in the Latin Glossed Translations by Richard Methley of Mount Grace Charterhouse, Edited from MS Pembroke College, Cambridge.” [Uncorrected, unpublished proofs of an edition of ms Pembroke College 221 – the Latin translation based on M.N.'s Middle English – intended by Walsh and Colledge for publication in the Archivio italiano per la storia della pietà but never printed there; Walsh dates the unpublished draft to 1967.] Online, thanks to Michael G. Sargent.

Références douteuses • Dubious References • Riferimenti dubbi • Fraglichen Anspielungen

The person writing as “M. de Corberon” (perhaps one of the various pseudonyms of Louis Gros) claimed to have seen a French-language manuscript other than Chantilly 157, and purported to quote from it in Etudes Traditionnelles 341 (1957): 211n1, but does not identify this supposed source.

Romana Guarnieri reported the rumor about de Corberon’s alleged manuscript which “sarebbe in possesso di una comunità di contemplative, di lingua francese benché non residenti in Francia, le quali non intendono farsi conoscere, né mettere a disposizione degli studi e degli studiosi il testo affidato alla loro custodia.” (“Movimento,” p. 501). Guarnieri attributed this notion to de Corberon second-hand via conversation with Jeanne Vielliard: “Alla Vielliard de Corberon dichiarava di aver potuto prendere visione del misterioso manoscritto francese, a patto di non rivelarne le proprietarie.” (“Movimento,” p. 501).

The Extra Series of the Early English Text Society announced several times in the 1930s that an edition of The Mirror of Simple Souls was forthcoming in English, ed. B[runo] Radtke, but this was never published.

John Henry de Groot, The Shakespeares and “the Old Faith,” Diss. Columbia University, 1946; and New York: King’s Crown Press, 1946, alleged that “The Mirror of Simple Souls, translated from the French… went through four editions between 1507 and 1526,” p. 117, but no such editions are known to us.

Unidentified Speculum simplicium listed in the “Inventaire des biens de l’église de Notre-Dame de Lenz [Lens], 1471-1472,” Bulletin de la Commission des antiquités départementales du Pas-de-Calais 4 (1878): 197, possibly the same text.

Speculum simplicium animarum in a wish-list of documents concerning the controversy around Pope Eugenius IV in the 1430s, these being desired for incorporation into the papal library by Scipione Cobelluzzi on behalf of pope Gregory XV in 1623, when Leone Allacci was transporting the Palatine library from Heidelberg to Rome. Allacci did not report having obtained a copy.

Sources historiques • Historical Sources • Fonti storiche • Historische Quellen

Altmeyer, Jean Jacques. Les précurseurs de la réforme aux Pays-bas. 2 vols. The Hague [La Haye]: Van Stockum, 1886. vol. 1, p. 76. [Counts "porrétistes" among "precursors" of the Protestant Reform.]

Barber, Malcolm. The Trial of the Templars. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Bernardino of Siena. Opera omnia, synopsibus ornata, postillis illustrata, ed. Jean [Joannis] de la Haye. Paris: Denis [Dionysius] Moreau, 1635. p. 461 [In chapter 2 of Sermon 6, Bernardino associates the book "de anima simplici" with the Clementine council condemnations of 1311.]

Bolland, Johannes, Godefridus Henschenius, Daniel Papebrochius, Joseph Hecke, Joseph Vandermoere, and Cornelius Bye. Acta Sanctorum: Quotquot Toto Orbe Coluntur, vel a Catholicis Scriptoribus Celebrantur. Antwerp: Meursius; Brussels: Imprimerie Royale, 1861. vol. 10, pages 288-289, mentioning the “libellum simplicium animarum” used in the 1430s in Italy during the controversy of pope Eugenius IV, John of Capistrano, and the Jesuati. Also in other editions.

Burgtorf, Jochen, Paul Crawford, and Helen Nicholson. The Debate on the Trial of the Templars, 1307-1314. Farnham, UK; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2010. [Especially chapter 11, by Paul F. Crawford, "The Involvement of the University of Paris in the Trials of Marguerite Porete and of the Templars, 1308-10," p. 129-144.]

Bernard Gui. “Concerning the Sect of the Beguins.” Manuel de l’inquisiteur. Ed. and trans. Guillaume Mollat. Heresies of the High Middle Ages. Ed. Walter L. Wakefield and Austin P. Evans. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969. 411-439.

Conseil Municipal de Paris, Année 1895, Procès-Verbaux: Premier semestre. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1895. page 111, dated March 4, 1895. [Pétition déposée "De Mme Pauline Savari demandant qu'une plaque commémorative rappelant le supplice de dame Marguerite Perrette [sic] soit placée aux abords de la place de Grève.” Par la suite, Mme. Savari déposa une autre pétition le 4 juin 1897. L’idée reste belle.]

Curley, Mary Mildred. The Conflict Between Pope Boniface VIII and King Philip IV, the Fair. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America, 1927.

Daunou, P. C. F., and J. Naudet, eds. Continuatio Chronici Guillelmi de Nangiaco. Vol. 20 of Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, 24 vols. Ed. Martin Bouquet and Léopold Delisle. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1840, p. 601 [chronicle entry about "Margareta, dicta Porrette"] and p. 687 [a later reference to "Marguerite la Porete devant dicte"]. [Note: the present bibliography does not catalogue the countless brief references to this chronicle entry made in printed books between 1600 and 1900.]

de Laborde, Joseph, ed. Layettes du Trésor des Chartes. 5 vols. Paris: Plon, 1863-1909. Nendeln, Lichtenstein: Kraus Reprints, 1977.

Debrabandere, Frans. Woordenboek van de Familienamen in Belgie & Noord-Frankrijk. 2 vols. Brussels: Gemeentekrediet, 1993.

Delcambre, Etienne. Les Relations de la France avec le Hainaut depuis l’avènement de Jean II d’Avesnes, comte de Hainaut, jusqu’à la conclusion de l’alliance franco-hennuyère (1280-1297). Mons: Union des Imprimeries, 1930.

Digard, Georges. Philippe le Bel et le Saint-Siège de 1285 à 1304. Ed. Françoise Lehoux. 2 vols. 1936. Darmstadt, Germany: Scientia Verlag Aalen, 1972.

Dubrulle, Henry. Cambrai à la fin du Moyen Age (XIIIe-XVIe siècles). Lille, 1903. Online.

Faider, Charles, ed. Coutumes du pays et comté de Hainaut. 4 vols. Brussels: Gobbaerts, 1878. Online.

Favier, Jean. Philippe le Bel. Paris: Fayard, 1978.

France, Anatole. La vie de Jeanne d’Arc. 2 vols. Paris: Calmann-Lévy, 1908. vol. 2, p. 270 and p. 339. Trans. Winifred Stephens, The Life of Joan of Arc. London: J. Lane, 1909. p. 237 and p. 294. [Anatole France points out that Marguerite's trial was later used as a precedent in Joan of Arc's.]

Fredericq, Paul, ed. Corpus documentorum inquisitionis haereticae pravitatis Neerlandicae. 5 vols. Ghent: Vuysteke, 1889-1903. [Some inquisition documents of the trial.] On HathiTrust.

Fredericq, Paul. “De gheimzinnige ketterin Bloemaerdinne (Zuster Hadewijch), en de secte der ‘Nuwe’ te Brussel in de 14de eeuw.” Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afd. Letterkunde series 3 volume 12 (1895-1896): 77-102. On HathiTrust.

Gachet, Emile, ed. Un cartulaire de Guillaume Ier, comte de Hainaut, 1305-1312. [Brussels]: n. pub, 1830.

Gérard de Frachet. Chronicle in Recueil des historiens de Gaules et de la France. Vol. 21. Ed. Joseph-Daniel Guigniaut and Joseph Noel [Natalis] de Wailly. Paris: 1738-1904. On Gallica.

Géraud, Hercule, ed. La Chronique latine de Guillaume de Nangis de 1113 à 1300 avec les continuations de cette chronique de 1300 à 1368. Paris: Renouard, 1843. Online. [The chronicle entry about "Margareta, dicta Porrette" by a continuator of Guillaume de Nangis'.]

Gerson, Jean. De distinctione verarum revelationum a falsis. Vol. 3 of Oeuvres complètes. 5 vols. Ed. P[alémon] Glorieux. Paris: Desclée, 1962. Vol. 3, text 90, p. 52. [Gerson refers to "Maria" of Valenciennes.] Brian Patrick McGuire translated the treatise as “On Distinguishing True from False Revelations,” Jean Gerson: Early Works. Malwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 1998. 334-364; on “Maria,” see 356-357.

Gui, Bernard → Bernard Gui.

Guillaume de Nangis, or rather his Chronicle‘s anonymous “continuator” → editions of the chronicle include Daunou, P. C. F., ed. and Géraud, Hercule, ed. and Paris, Paulin, ed. Manuscripts include the Chronique française de Guillaume de Nangis, s’arrêtant à l’année 1321. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, ms. Français 10133, folio 62 verso, column 2 [14th-century copy of the chronicle entry about the burning of "une beguine clergesse no[m]mee Margarite Poree”]; and Les Chroniques de St-Denys, translatées…, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, ms. Français 2598, folio 39 verso, column 1, at the lower left corner [a 15th-century copy, this time just mentioning "une beguine clergesse... no[m]mee Marguerite” with no last name]; there are other manuscripts as well.

Hauréau, Jean-Barthélemy. “Marguerite Porrette, hérétique.” Histoire littéraire de la France, ouvrage commencé par les religieux bénédictins de la Congrégation de Saint Maur, et continué par des membres de l’Institut [Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres]. Vol. 27. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1877. Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint, 1971. 70-74. Online.

Jundt, Auguste. Histoire du panthéisme populaire au Moyen Age et au seizième siècle (suivie de pièces inédites concernant les Frères du libre esprit, maître Eckhart, les libertins spirituels, etc.). Paris: Sandoz and Fischbacher, 1875. On HathiTrust.

Kervyn de Lettenhove, Joseph, ed. Récits d’un bourgeois de Valenciennes (XIVe siècle). Louvain: Lefever, 1877. [Essential reading for the history of Hainaut in the fourteenth century, although it (oddly?) does not mention Marguerite Porete nor her book.] Online.

Langlois, Charles-Victor. “Marguerite Porete.” Revue Historique 54 (1894): 295-299. On HathiTrust. Anonymously, loosely summarized in English as “A Martyr of Literature,” Literary Digest 8 (21 April 1894): 640, online; and reprinted in The Interior 25 (23 August 1894): 1079, on HathiTrust.

Langlois, Charles-Victor. “Les papiers de Guillaume de Nogaret et de Guillaume de Plaisians au Trésor des chartes.” Notices et extraits des mss. de la Bibliothèque nationale de Paris 34.1 (1909): 211-219, esp. 215-216; and p. 238 item 395. [Discusses documents of the trial.] On HathiTrust.

Le Boucq, S[imon]. Histoire ecclésiastique de la ville et comté de Valenciennes. 1650. Valenciennes: Prignet, 1844. Online. Reprint, Marseille: Laffitte, 1978.

Le Carpentier, Jean. Histoire généalogique des Païs-Bas, ou histoire de Cambray, et du Cambresis, vol. 2. Leiden: Le Carpentier, 1664. p. 384. Online. [Brief background on Gui de Collemède/Colemedio and Philippe de Marigny, bishops of Cambrai.]

Lea, Henry Charles. A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages. 1901-1904. 3 vols. New York: Harper, 1955. Vol. 2, p. 123 and 575-578, on Hathi Trust. Translated into French by Salomon Reinach, Histoire de l’inquisition au moyen age. Paris: Picard, 1887-1902. On HathiTrust. [Incomplete set of inquisition documents of the trial.]

Lizerand, Georges. Le Dossier de l’affaire des Templiers. Paris, 1923.

Loix, chartes et coustumes du pays et comté de Haynault, qui se doivent observer & garder en la souveraine Court à Mons & juridictions dudict Pays ressortissantes à la dicte Court. Douai: Bellere, 1603. Online.

Mansi, Johannes, ed. Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova, et Amplissima Collectio. Vol. 25. Paris: Welter, 1903. On Gallica.

Marguerite de Navarre [Marguerite d'Angoulême]. Les Prisons. 3 vols. Ed. Simone Glasson. Geneva: Droz, 1978. Vol. 3, lines 1315-1422. [Admires the Mirror and its author.]

Mas Latrie, Louis de. Trésor de chronologie d’histoire et de géographie pour l’étude et l’emploi des documents du Moyen Age. Paris: Palmé, 1889. [The date in 1306 when Guido II de Collemedio (Guy II de Collemède) ceased to be bishop of Cambrai sets the terminus ad quem for the Mirror's composition.] On Gallica.

de Nangis, Guillaume (or, rather, his Chronicle‘s anonymous “continuator”) → editions of the chronicle include Daunou, P. C. F., ed. and Géraud, Hercule, ed. and Paris, Paulin, ed. Manuscripts include the Chronique française de Guillaume de Nangis, s’arrêtant à l’année 1321. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, ms. Français 10133, folio 62 verso, column 2 [14th-century copy of the chronicle entry about the burning of "une beguine clergesse no[m]mee Margarite Poree”]; and Les Chroniques de St-Denys, translatées…, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, ms. Français 2598, folio 39 verso, column 1, at the lower left corner [a 15th-century copy, this time just mentioning "une beguine clergesse... no[m]mee Marguerite” with no last name]; there are other manuscripts as well.

Paris, [Alexis] Paulin, ed. and intro. Les grandes chroniques de France selon que elles sont conservées en l’église de Saint-Denis en France. 6 vols. Paris: Béthune et Plon, 1837. Vol. 5 [chapter LXV], p. 188 and p. 191. On Gallica.

Piot, Charles, ed. Chroniques de Brabant et de Flandre. 6 vols. Brussels: Hayez, 1879-96. Online.

Piot, Charles, ed. Collection de Chroniques belges inédites. Brussels: Hayez, 1879.

Raymond, Fortune. Histoire du Hainaut français et du Cambrésis depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu’à nos jours. Paris: Lechevalier, 1899.

Reybaud, Louis. Études sur les réformateurs ou socialistes modernes. 5th ed. Paris: Guillaumin, 1948. Vol. 1, p. 68 and 412. ["Toujours et partout des femmes libres!" p. 412.]

Saint Denis Chronicles → editions of the chronicle include Daunou, P. C. F., ed. and Géraud, Hercule, ed. and Paris, Paulin, ed. Manuscripts include the Chronique française de Guillaume de Nangis, s’arrêtant à l’année 1321. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, ms. Français 10133, folio 62 verso, column 2 [14th-century copy of the chronicle entry about the burning of "une beguine clergesse no[m]mee Margarite Poree”]; and Les Chroniques de St-Denys, translatées…, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, ms. Français 2598, folio 39 verso, column 1, at the lower left corner [a 15th-century copy, this time just mentioning "une beguine clergesse... no[m]mee Marguerite” with no last name]; there are other manuscripts as well.

Strayer, Joseph R. The Reign of Philip the Fair. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Vanderkindere, Léon, ed. La Chronique de Gislebert de Mons. Brussels: Kiessling, 1904. Online.

Vauzelles, Ludovic de. Histoire du prieuré de la Magdeleine-lez-Orléans de l’ordre de Fontevraud. Paris: Baur, 1873. Online.

Verriest, Léo. Le régime seigneurial dans le comté de Hainaut du XIe siècle à la Révolution. Louvain: Smeesters, 1917. Online.

Verriest, Léo. Le servage dans le comté de Hainaut: Les sainteurs. Le meilleur catel. 2 vols. Brussels: Hayez, 1910. On HathiTrust. Geneva: Mégariotis Reprints, 1981.

Viard, J., ed. Les grandes chroniques de France. Vol. 8. Paris, 1934.

Vinchant, François. Annales de la province et comté du Hainaut. 1648. Brussels: Vandale, 1853. Online.

Wadding, Luke [Lucas Waddingus]. Annales minorum seu Trium Ordinum a S. Francisco institutorum. 2nd ed. José María Fonseca y Ebora. Rome: Bernabò, 1734. vol. 11, page 13 item 25. Previous ed. translated into French by Silvestre Castet as Annales des frères mineurs. Toulouse: Guillaume-Louis Colomiez & Jérôme Posüel, 1682. vol. 5, p. 160, item 7. [On the controversy about the Mirror in Venice in 1437.]

Etudes • Studies • Studi • Studien

Acklin Zimmermann, Beatrice. “Mittelalterliche Frauenmystik: ‘Feministische Theologie des Mittelalters’ als Korrektiv an der herrschenden Theologie?” Frauen zwischen Anpassung und Widerstand: Beiträge der 5. Schweizerischen Historikerinnentagung. Ed. Regula Ludi et al. Zurich: Chronos, 1990. 13-21.

Aguadé Benet, Rosamaría. Amor sin porqué: Margarita Porete y el lenguaje del desdecir. La querella de las mujeres 4. Madrid: Asociación Cultural Almudayna, 2010.

Almeida, Rute Salviano. Uma Voz Feminina Calada Pela Inquisição – A Religiosidade no final da Idade Média – As Beguinas e Margarida Porete. São Paulo: Editora Hagnos, 2012. Downloadable sample from the book (scroll down to the “pdf” logo).

Arblaster, John, and Rob Faesen. “Commune à tous par largesse de pure charité: Common Love in Beatrice of Nazareth and Marguerite Porete.” Ons Geestelijk Erf 83.4 (December 2012): 297-323.

Arblaster, John, and Rob Faesen. “The Influence of Beatrice of Nazareth on Marguerite Porete: The Seven Manners of Love Revised.” Cîteaux 64 (2013): 41-88. Online.

Arnold, Anne. Liebe und tue, was du willst: eine historische Biografie der Begine Marguerite Porete. Norderstedt Books on Demand, 2005.

Arsenault, John A. “Authority, Autonomy, and Antinomianism: The Mystical and Ethical Piety of Marguerite Porete in The Mirror of Simple Souls.” Studia Mystica 21 (2000): 65-94.

Axters, Stephanus. Geschiedenis van de Vroomheid in de Nederlanden. 4 vols. Vol. 2, De eeuw van Ruusbroec. Antwerp: De Sikkel, 1950.

Babinsky, Ellen L. “A Béguine in the Court of the King: The Relation of Love and Knowledge in the Mirror by Marguerite Porete.” Diss. University of Chicago, 1991.

Babinsky, Ellen L. “Christological Transformation in the Mirror of [Simple] Souls by Marguerite Porete.” Theology Today 60.1 (April 2003): 34-48. Abstract.

Babinsky, Ellen L. “Marguerite Porete: An Intrepid Beguine of the Late Thirteenth Century [1250-1310].” Austin Seminary Bulletin: Faculty Edition 104 (Oct. 1988): 5-15.

Babinsky, Ellen. “The Uses of Courtly Language in Le Mirouer des simples ames anienties by Marguerite Porete.” Essays in Medieval Studies 4 (1987): 91-106.

Bambeck, Manfred. “Marguerite Porete, Le Miroir des simples ames, und der französische Wortschatz.” Romanische Forschungen 97.2-3 (1985): 226-230.

Banfi, Florio [pseudonym of Ladislao Holik-Barabàs]. “Lo Specchio delle anime semplici dalla B. Margarita d’Ungaria scripto.” Memorie Domenicane 57 (1940): 3-10, 133-139.

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Barratt, Alexandra. “Continental Women Mystics and English Readers.” The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Women’s Writing. Ed. Carolyn Dinshaw and David Wallace. Cambridge Companions to Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 240-255.

Barstow, Anne L. “Introduction.” A Mirror for Simple Souls: The Mystical Work of Marguerite Porete. Ed. Charles Crawford. New York: Crossroad, 1990. 9-20.

Barstow, Anne L. “Joan of Arc and Female Mysticism.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 1 (Fall 1985): 29-42.

Barthel, Verena. “Grenzüberschreitende Mystik: Meister Eckharts Liber benedictus als Reflex der gefährlichen Lehre der Marguerite Porète?” Deutsch-französische Literaturbeziehungen: Stationen und Aspekte dichterischer Nachbarschaft vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart. Ed. Marcel Krings and Roman Luckscheiter. Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen & Neumann, 2007. 23-38.

Bauer, Birgit. “Tre middelalderlige beginemystikere og deres selvforståelse: Hadewijch, Mechthild af Magdeburg og Marguerite Porete.” Thesis. Syddansk Universitet, Odense, 1999.

Beer, Frances. Women and Mystical Experience in the Middle Ages. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell, 1992.

Bériou, Nicole. “The Right of Women to Give Religious Instruction in the Thirteenth Century.” Women Preachers and Prophets through Two Millennia of Christianity. Ed. Beverly M. Kienzle and Pamela J. Walker. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. 134–45 (esp. 137–39).

Bertho, Marie. Le miroir des âmes simples et anéanties de Marguerite Porete: Une vie blessée d’amour. Paris: Larousse, 1993.

Bertho-Falguières, [Sophie] Marie. “Le Miroir des âmes simples et anéanties de Marguerite Porete: Une vie bouleversée.” Maîtrise thesis. University of Paris X-Nanterre. 1992.

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Bolton, Brenda M. “Mulieres sanctae.” Women in Medieval Society. Ed. Susan Mosher Stuard. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1976.

Bolton, Brenda M. “Some Thirteenth Century Women in the Low Countries: A Special Case?” Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis 61.1 (1981): 7-29.

Bolton, Brenda M. “Vita Matrum: A Further Aspect of the Frauenfrage.” Medieval Woman. Ed. Derek Bakder. Oxford: Blackwell, 1978. 253-73.

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Bothe, Catherine → Müller, Catherine.

Bowie, Fiona, ed. Béguine Spirituality: Mystical Writings of Mechthild of Magdeburg, Beatrice of Nazareth and Hadewijch of Brabant. Trans. Oliver Davies. New York: Crossroads, 1990.

Bradley, Ritamary. “Backgrounds of the Title Speculum in Medieval Literature.” Speculum 29 (1954): 100-115.

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Bryant, Gwendolyn. “The French Heretic Béguine: Marguerite Porete.” Medieval Women Writers. Ed. Katharina Wilson. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1984. 204-226.

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Burns, E. Jane. Bodytalk: When Women Speak in Old French Literature. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.

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Cadden, Joan. The Meanings of Sex Difference in the Middle Ages: Medicine, Natural Philosophy, and Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Callan, Meave B. “The Mysticism of Julian of Norwich and Marguerite Porete.” M. Phil. Thesis, Trinity College Dublin, 1994.

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Carlson, Thomas A. “The Poverty and Poetry of Indiscretion: Negative Theology and Negative Anthropology in Contemporary and Historical Perspective.” Christianity and Literature 47.2 (Winter 1998): 167-93.

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Cazauran, Nicole. “Deux ‘ravies de l’amour de Dieu’ dans la Comédie de Mont-de-Marsan et le Mirouer des simples ames.” Marginalité et Littérature, Hommage à Christine Martineau-Genieys, ed. Maurice Accarie, Jean-Guy Gouttebroze, and Éliane Kotler. Nice: ILF-CNRS, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 2001. 63-84.

Čeferin, Urška. “Marguerite Porete in njeno Ogledalo: Diplomsko delo.” Thesis. Nova Gorica, 2005.

Čeferin, Urška. “Marguerite Porete in njeno Ogledalo preprostih duš.” Poligrafi 10.39-40 (2005): 203-225.

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Chance, Jane. The Literary Subversions of Medieval Women. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Chance, Jane. “Speaking in Propria Persona: Authorizing the Subject as a Political Act in Late Medieval Feminine Spirituality.” New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact. Ed. Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne. Medieval Women, Texts and Contexts 2. Turnhout: Brepols, 1999. 269–94.

Chiti, Elisa. “La muance d’Amour: Une confrontation entre le Mirouer de Marguerite Porete et la tradition mystique cistercienne.” Diss. University of Siena, 1999.

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Colledge, Edmund, and Romana Guarnieri. “The Glosses by ‘M. N.’ and Richard Methley to the Mirror of Simple Souls.” Archivio italiano per la storia della pietà 5 (1968): 357-82.

Colledge, Edmund, J. C. Marler, and F.-J. Schweitzer. “Poverty of the Will: Ruusbroec, Eckhart and the Mirror of Simple Souls.” Jan van Ruusbroec: The Sources, Content, and Sequels of His Mysticism. Ed. Paul Mommaers and N. de Paepe. Leuven: Universiteitsbibliotheek, 1984. 14-47.

Colledge, Edmund. “La Liberté de l’esprit selon le Miroir des âmes simples.” La théologie du renouveau. Vol. 2. Ed. Laurence K. Shook and G.-M. Bertrand. Paris: Cerf, 1968. 59-73. / “Liberty of the Spirit: The Mirror of Simple Souls.” Theology of Renewal 2 (1968): 100-117. [check]

Colledge, Edmund. “The Latin Mirror of Simple Souls: Margaret Porete’s ‘Ultimate Accolade’?” Langland, the Mystics and the Medieval English Religious Tradition: Essays in Honor of S. S. Hussey. Ed. Helen Phillips and D. S. Brewer. Cambridge: Brewer, 1990. 177-183.

Colledge, Edmund. “The New Latin Mirror of Simple Souls.” Ons Geestelijk Erf 63.2-4 (June-Dec. 1989): 279-87.

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Falvay, Dávid. Magyar dinasztikus szentek olasz kódexekben: Santi dinastici ungheresi in codici italiani. Budapest: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Bölcsészettudományi Kar, Olasz Nyelv és Irodalom Tanszék, 2012. Downloadable in pdf format.

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Falvay, Dávid. “Memory and Hagiography: The Formation of the Memory of Three Thirteenth Century Female Saints.” The Making of Memory in the Middle Ages. Ed. Lucie Doleźalová. Later Medieval Europe 4. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2009 and 2010. 347-364.

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Field, Sean L. The Beguine, The Angel, and the Inquisitor: The Trials of Marguerite Porete and Guiard of Cressonessart. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2012. On Amazon. [Includes the trial records translated into English.]

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Field, Sean L. “The Master and Marguerite: Godfrey of Fontaines’ Praise of the Mirror of Simple Souls.” Journal of Medieval History 35 (2009): 136-149. Abstract.

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Finke, Laurie. “‘More than I fynde written’: Dialogue and Power in the English Translation of The Mirror of Simple Souls.” Performance and Transformation: New Approaches to Late Medieval Spirituality. Ed. Mary Suydam and Johanna E. Ziegler. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999. 47-67. Excerpts.

Finke, Laurie, and Martin B. Schichtman, eds. Medieval Texts and Contemporary Readers. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.

Fiocchi, Claudio. “‘Un libretto composto da una donna…con sottigliezza quasi incredibile’: Note sullo Specchio delle anime semplici di Margherita Porete e la sua condanna.” Donne e scrittura dal XII al XVI secolo. Ed. Claudio Fiocchi et al. Proceedings from the conference ‘Donne, potere, scrittura fra Medioevo ed età moderna,” Milan, Jan. 2009. Quodlibet, 17. Bergamo: Lubrina Editore, 2009. 41-56.

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Forrai, Anne-Marie. “En fri ånd: Marguerite Porete’s Le mirouer des simples ames.” Thesis. Odense Universitet, 1991.

Fortier, Penny. “Free Spirit Doctrine in Le miroir des simples âmes.” Master’s thesis. University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1970 or 1971?

Fozzer, Giovanna. “‘…Parfaicte franchise n’a nul pourquoi’: Notizia sullo Specchio delle Anime Semplici di Margherita Porete.” Rivista di Ascetica e Mistica (1991): 375-395.

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Fozzer, Giovanna. “Parva enarratio de ‘Lo specchio’ di Margherita Porete.” Citta di Vita 52.2 (March-April 1997): 151-84.

Fozzer, Giovanna. Nello specchio di Margherita. Firenze: Polistampa, 2001.

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Frassetto, Michael. The Great Medieval Heretics: Five Centuries of Religious Dissent. New York: BlueBridge, 2008.

Furlong, Monica. Visions and Longings: Medieval Women Mystics. Boston: Shambhala, 1996.

Fussel, Kuno. “Brennende Liebe: Zu Schicksal und Werk der Begine Margareta Porete.” Für Gerechtigkeit streite. Gutersloh, Germany: Kaiser, 1994. 117-122.

Galloway, Penelope. “‘Discreet and Devout Maidens’: Women’s Involvement in Beguine Communities in Northern France, 1200-1500.” Medieval Women in their Communities. Ed. Diane Watt. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.

Garay, Kathleen, ed. Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism: Criticism of the Works of World Authors from Classical Antiquity through the Fourteenth Century, from the First Appraisals to Current Evaluations (volume on Marguerite Porete). Detroit: Gale/ Cengage/ Layman Poupard, forthcoming. [Book and e-book, an anthology of reprints.]

Garay, Kathleen. “‘A Naked Intent Unto God’: Ungendered Discourse in Some Late Medieval Mystical Texts.” Mystics Quarterly 23.2 (June 1997): 36-51.

Garay, Kathleen. “‘She Swims and Floats in Joy’: Marguerite Porete, an ‘Heretical’ Mystic of the Later Middle Ages.” Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la femme 17.1 (Winter 1997): 18-21.

García Acosta, Pablo. “La alegoría de Ezequiel y el Espejo: En pos de la visibilidad del Mirouer des simples ames de Marguerite Porete.” Mexico City (book chapter, forthcoming).

García Acosta, Pablo. “Destrucción material y tradición iconográfica: Por la cultura visual del Mirouer des simples ames de Marguerite Porete.” Actas del IV Simposio Internacional de Jóvenes Medievalistas. Ed. Juan Fco. Jiménez, Jorge Maíz Chacón, Concepción Villanueva Morte, and Inés Calderón Medina. Murcia: Universidad de Murcia-Ayto. Lorca-Real Acad. Alfonso X el Sabio-Fundación Cajamurcia-Lorcatur-SEEM, 2009. 65-76. Online.

García Acosta, Pablo. “Ermeneutica dell’immagine nel Mirouer des simples ames di Marguerite Porete: Il caso dell’aquila di Ezechiele.” Atti dell’istituto Veneto di scienze, lettere ed Arti 168 (2009-2010): 219-254.

García Acosta, Pablo. “Images for Deification: Visual Literacy in Marguerite Porete’s Mirror of Simple Souls. Presentation for the conference “Visual Literacies: Exploring Critical Issues” (July 8-10, 2011, Mansfield College, Oxford, UK). Online.

García Acosta, Pablo. “Lumen Dantis et Lumen Margaretae: El imaginario compartido por Dante Alighieri y Marguerite dicta Porete.” Tenzone 11 (2010): 189-225. Abstract.

García Acosta, Pablo. “Los marginalia de Le mirouer des simples ames de Marguerite Porete: Hacía una historia de la lectura del manuscrito de Chantilly.” ["The Marginalia of Marguerite Porete's Mirror of Simple Souls: Toward a History of Reading the Chantilly Manuscript."] Critica del testo 15.1 (2012): 245-270. Index

García Acosta, Pablo. “Le Mirouer des simples ames de Marguerite Porete y la imago.” 2010. Online.

García Acosta, Pablo. “Poética de la visibilidad del Mirouer des simples ames de Maguerite Porete.” Diss. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 2009. Online.

García Acosta, Pablo. “Poética de la visibilidad del Mirouer des simples ames de Marguerite Porete.” Philía, Revista de la Bibliotheca Mystica et Philosophica Alois M. Haas 2.1 (May 2008): 172-191.

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Garí, Blanca. “Filosofía en vulgar y mistagogía en el Miroir de Margarita Porete.” Filosofia in volgare nel Medioevo. Atti del Convegno della Società italiana per lo studio del pensiero medievale (S.I.S.P.M.), Lecce, 27-29 settembre 2002. Ed. Nadia Bray and Loris Sturlese. Textes et études du Moyen Age, 21. Louvain-la-Neuve: Fédération internationale des instituts d’études médiévales, 2003. 133-153.

Garí, Blanca. “Marguerite Porete y la Biblia: Imágenes de la kénosis en el Espejo de las almas simples.” Critica del testo 15.1 (2012): 217-238. Index

Garí, Blanca. “Der Weg zum ‘Land der Freiheit’ im Spiegel der einfachen Seelen von Margarete Porete. Jahrbuch der Europäischen Gesellschaft für die Theologische Forschung von Frauen 4 (1996): 140-154.

Garí, Blanca. “Margarita y el saber: Senderos de conocimento y libertad en el Espejo de las almas simples de Margarita Porete.” Las Sabias Mujeres II (Siglos XXX-XVI): Homenaje a Lola Luna. Ed. María del Mar Graña Cid. Colección Laya 13. Madrid: Asociación Cultural Al-Mudayna, 1995. 87-101.

Garí, Blanca. “Margarida i el saber: camins de coneixem[en]t en El mirall de les ànimes simples de Margarida Porete.” D’unes veus no previstes: pensadores del XIII al XVII s. Ed. Séverine Auffret and Rosa Rius Gatell. Columna Assaig 6. Barcelona: Columna, 1997. 19-37.

Garí, Blanca. “Mirarse en el Espejo: Difusión y recepción de un texto.” Duoda 9 (1995): 99–117. Online.

Garí, Blanca. “Mirarsi nello Specchio: Diffusione e recezione di un testo.” Bailamme 21-22 (1997): 124-137.

Garnett, Andrea. “I Shall Take Leave of My Wrethed Body”: The Strained Relationship between God and the Body in the Experiences of Four Female Medieval Mystics and Current Behavioral Trends of Women in Western Society. Thesis. Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, 2011.

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Gnädinger, Louise. “Die Lehre der Margareta Porete von der Selbst- und Gotteserkenntnis: Eine Annäherung.” Denkmodelle von Frauen im Mittelalter. Ed. Beatrice Acklin Zimmermann. Dokimion 15. Fribourg, Switzerland: Universitätsverlag, 1994. 125-148.

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Goldin, Frederick. “The Mirror and the Image in Medieval Courtly Literature.” Diss. Columbia University, 1964.

Goldman, Anita. Guds älskarinnor: om hängivna kvinnor i en livrädd värld. Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2005.

Gosset, Thierry, ed. Femmes mystiques: Epoque médiévale. Paris: Table Ronde, 1995.

Gössmann, Elisabeth. “Die Geschichte und Lehre der Mystikerin Marguerite Porete.” Gegenentwürfe: 24 Lebenslaüfe für eine andere Theologie. Ed. H. Häring and K. J. Kuschel. München: Piper, 1988. 69-79.

Goto, Rina [後藤 里菜]. “マルグリット・ポレート–13世紀の異端女性–ベギンから神へ至る道を求” ["Seeking a Path from Beguinehood to God: The Thirteenth-Century Heretic Marguerite Porete" {check translation?}]. 年報地域文化研究 / 『年報地域文化研究』編集委員会 編 [Komaba Journal of Area Studies, University of Tokyo] 13 (2009): 63-81.

Grabes, Herbert. The Mutable Glass: Mirror-Imagery in Titles and Texts of the Middle Ages and English Renaissance. Trans. Gordon Coller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Gram, Robert L. “Pastor Eckhart: A Historical-Fictional Inquiry.” Thesis, San Francisco Theological Seminary, 1995.

Greeley, Andrew. The Mary Myth: On the Femininity of God. New York: Seabury Press, 1977.

Grundmann, Herbert. Religiöse Bewegungen im Mittelalter: Untersuchungen über die geschichtlichen Zusammenhäge zwischen der Ketzerei, den Bettelorden und der religiösen Frauenbewegung im 12 und 13 Jahrhundert. 1935. Trans. Steven Rowan as Religious Movements in the Middle Ages: The Historical Links between Heresy, the Mendicant Orders, and the Women’s Religious Movement in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Century, with the Historical Foundations of German Mysticism. Intro. Robert E. Lerner. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1995.

Guarnieri, Romana. Donne e chiesa tra mistica e istituzioni (secoli XIII-XV). Rome: Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 2004.

Guarnieri, Romana. “Fratelli del Libero Spirito.” Dizionario degli Instituti di Perfezione. Vol. 4. Rome: Paoline, 1977. 633-652.

Guarnieri, Romana. “Frères du libre esprit.” Dictionnaire de spiritualité. Paris, 1964. 1260-68.

Guarnieri, Romana. “Il Libero Spirito e il Circolo colonnese.” Bailamme 9 (June 1991): 67-87.

Guarnieri, Romana. “Il Movimento del Libero Spirito: Testi e documenti.” Archivio italiano per la storia della pietà 4 (1965): 350-708. [This long study lays groundwork that future studies will inevitably debate, nuance, and build upon.]

Guarnieri, Romana. “Quando si dice il caso!” Bailamme 8 (December 1990): 45-55.

Guarnieri, Romana. “Lo Specchio delle anime semplici e Margherita Poirette.” Osservatore Romano (June 16, 1946): 3. Reprinted in “Il Movimento del Libero Spirito: Testi e documenti.” Archivio italiano per la storia della pietà 4 (1965): 661-663. [Attributes the book to Marguerite Porete. Reported in France by Marie-Thérèse d'Alverny, "Le livre de Marguerite Porrette," Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes 107.1 (1948): 94. On Persée.]

Guarnieri, Romana. “Specchio de grazia e di conoscenza: Saggio estetico-letterario.” Introduction to Margherita Porete, Lo specchio delle anime semplici, trans. Giovanna Fozzer. Milano: San Paolo, 1994.

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Ruh, Kurt. “Gottesliebe bei Hadewijch, Mecthild von Magdeburg, und Marguerite Porete.” Romanische Literaturbeziehunger im 19. und 20. Jarhundert. Ed. Angel San Miguel. Tubingen: Narr, 1985. 243-54. Also published in Italian as “L’amore de Dio in Hadewijch, Mechtild di Magdeburgo e Margherita Porete.” Temi e problemi della mistica femminile trecentesca. Proceedings of the Convegni del Centro di studi sulla spiritualità medievale, 14-17 October 1979. Todi: Accademia tudertina, 1983. 48-85.

Ruh, Kurt. “Le Miroir des Simples Ames der Marguerite Porete.” Verbum et Signum: Festscrift für Friedrich Ohly. Ed. Hans Fromm, Wolfgang Harms, and Uwe Ruberg. München: Funk, 1975. 365-87.

Ruh, Kurt. “Transzendenzerfahrung im Miroir des simples âmes der Marguerite Porete.” Religiose Erfahrung: Historische Modelle in Christlicher Tradition. Proceedings of the Werner-Reimers-Stiftung. 12-15 December 1990. Ed. Walter Haug and Dietmar Mieth. München: Fink, 1992. 189-203.

Ruh, Kurt. Review of Le Mirouer des simples ames/ Speculum simplicium animarum, by Marguerite Porete. Ed. Romana Guarnieri and Paul Verdeyen. Zeitschrift für Deutsches Alterum und Deutsche Literatur 118, Anzeiger 100.1 (March 1989): 16-21.

Russell, Jeffrey B. and Carl T. Berkhout. Medieval Heresies: A Bibliography, 1960-1979. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1981.

Sakowska, Magdalena. “Autorka na stosie. Marguerite Porete (+ 1310) i jej Zwierciadło prostych dusz unicestwionych, które pozostają w pragnieniu i pożądaniu miłości.” Niebezpieczeństwo w literaturze dawne. Ed. Anna Loba and Mirosław Loba. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2007. 27-34.

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Saranyana, Josep-Ignaci. “La noción de ‘libertad’ en el contexto de la mística neoplatónica: A propósito del Speculum animarum simplicium de Margarita Porete (†1310).” Anuario de historia de la Iglesia 16 (2007): 265-278. Online.

Sargent, Michael G. “The Annihilation of Marguerite Porete.” Viator 28 (1997): 253-79. Abstract.

Sargent, Michael G. “Marguerite Porete.” Medieval Holy Women in the Christian Tradition c.1100-c.1500. Ed. Alastair Minnis and Rosalynn Voaden. Brepols Collected Essays in European Culture 1. Turnhout: Brepols, 2010. 291-309.

Sargent, Michael G. “Medieval and Modern Readership of Marguerite Porete’s Mirouer des simples âmes anienties: The Manuscripts of the Continental Latin and Italian Tradition,” The Medieval Translator/Traduire au Moyen Age 15, In principio fuit interpres, ed. Alessandra Petrina (2013): 85-96. At Brepols.

Sargent, Michael G. “Medieval and Modern Readership of Marguerite Porete’s Mirouer des simples âmes: The Old French and English Traditions.” Middle English Religious Writing in Practice: Texts, Readers, and Transformations, ed. Nicole Rice. Turnhout: Brepols, 2013. 47-90.

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Sargent, Michael, G., ed. “Mirror Collation: A Complete Collation of the Section of Text for which All Manuscript Witnesses Survive.” Online.

Sargent, Michael G. “Transmission by the English Carthusians of Some Late Medieval Spiritual Writings.” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 27 (1976): 225-40.

Sbardelotto, Moisés, interviewing Sílvia Schwartz. “Marguerite Porete e a ‘teologia’ do feminino divino.” IHU On-Line, Revista do Instituto Humanitas Unisinos 385 (December 19, 2011). Online.

Scaduto, Mario. “Rivista della stampa: L’archivio italiano per la storia della pietà,” La Civiltà cattolica 118.4 (1967): 562-572, especially p. 566-572. [This review of Guarnieri's long piece on the "Free Spirit movement" is so extensive that we make an exception and include it here.]

Scarborough, Elizabeth. “Continental Drift: The Reception of European Visionary Writing in Medieval England.” Diss. Queen’s University Belfast, 2011.

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Schuberth, Jennifer M. “Allegories of Annihilation: Porete’s Mirror and the Medieval Self.” Diss. University of Chicago, 2008. Abstract and full text.

Schuberth, Jennifer. “Holy Church is Not Able to Recognize Her”: The Virtues and Interpretation in Marguerite Porete’s Mirror.” History of Religions 52.3 (February 2013): 197-213.

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Schwartz, Silvia. “A béguine e al-Shaykh: Um estudo comparativo da aniquilação mística em Marguerite Porete e Ibn’Arabi.” Dissertation, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, 2005. Online.

Schwartz, Sílvia. “Marguerite Porete: Mística, Apofatismo e Tradição de Resistência.” Numen 6.2 (2003): 109-126. Online.

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Schweitzer, Franz-Josef. “‘Caritatem habe, et fac quod vis’: Die ‘Freien Geister’ in der Darstellung Jans van Ruusbroec und in Selbstzeugnissen.” Jan van Ruusbroec: The Sources, Content and Sequels of His Mysticism. Ed. Paul Mommaers and N. de Paepe. Mediaevalia Lovaniensia, Series 1, Studia 12. Leuven: Universiteitsbibliotheek, 1984. 48-67.

Schweitzer, Franz-Josef. “Marguerite Porète.” Mein Hertz schmilzt wie Eis am Feuer: Die religiöse Frauenbewegung des Mittelalters in Porträts. Ed. J. Thiele. Stuttgart: Kreuz, 1988. 191-202.

Schweitzer, Franz-Josef. “Von Marguerite von Porète (†1310) bis Mme. Guyon (†1717): Frauenmystik im Konflikt mit der Kirche.” Frauenmystik im Mittelalter. Ed. Peter Dinzelbacher and Dieter R. Bauer. Ostfildern bei Stuttgart: Schwabenverlag, 1985. 256-74.

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Scott, Joan. “Women’s History.” New Perspectives on Historical Writing. Ed. Peter Burke. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1992.

Scott, Joanna, and Aemilia Scott. Powerful Bodies: A Feminist Analysis of Medieval Spirituality. [proceedings] Midwestern Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, 2004. 1-18.

Sells, Michael A. “Apophasis of Desire and the Burning of Marguerite Porete.” Mystical Languages of Unsaying. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. 116-145.

Sells, Michael A. “The Pseudo-Woman and the Meister: ‘Unsaying’ and Essentialism.” Meister Eckhart and the Béguine Mystics. Ed. Bernard McGinn. New York: Continuum, 1994. 114-146.

Sells, Michael A. “Three Followers of the Religion of Love: Nizam, Ibn’Arabi, and Marguerite Porete.” Trans. into Spanish by Ana Iribas, “Tres seguidores de la religión del amor: Nizam, Ibn’Arabi y Marguerite Porete” in Mujeres de luz. La mística femenina, lo femenino en la mística. Ed. Pablo Beneito, Lorenzo Piera Delgado, and Juan José Barcenilla. Colección paradigmas 29. Madrid: Trotta, 2001. 137-156.

Semkov, G. “Heilige Kerk-de-Kleine in de Spiegel van Marguerite Porete.” Op zoek naar vrouwen in ketterij en sekte: Een bronnenonderzoek. Ed. Dorothée van Paassen and Anke E. Passenier. Kampen: Kok, 1993. 95-115.

Shahar, Shulamith. The Fourth Estate: A History of Women in the Middle Ages. Trans. Chaya Galai. London and New York: Routledge, 1983.

Shibata, Kensaku [柴田 健策]. “マルグリット・ポレートの「この本」をめぐって” ["On 'This Book' by Marguerite Porete" (?)]. 早稲田大学大学院文学研究科紀要. 第2分冊, 英文学フランス文学ドイツ文学ロシヤ文学中国文学 [Bulletin of the Graduate Division of Letters, Arts and Sciences of Waseda University] 51 (28 February 2006): 139-152. Online.

Shooter, Susan. How Survivors of Abuse Relate to God: The Authentic Spirituality of the Annihilated Soul. Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2012. Abstract.

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Simons, Walter. Cities of Ladies: Beguine Communities in the Medieval Low Countries, 1200–1565. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.

Simons, Walter. “‘Staining the Speech of Things Divine’: The Uses of Literacy in Medieval Beguine Communities.” The Voice of Silence: Women’s Literacy in a Men’s Church. Ed. Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora. Medieval Church Studies 9. Turnhout: Brepols, 2004. 85-110.

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Skårup, Povl. “La langue du Miroir des simples âmes attribué à Marguerite Porete.” Studia Neophilologica 60.2 (1988): 231-6.

Smyth, Laura Magdalen. “Preaching with Their Hands: The Role of the Carthusians in the Transmission of Women’s Texts in Late Medieval England.” Diss. Stanford University, 2001.

Soares Dias, Maruzania. “O gozo de Deus: Uma análise lacaniana da experiência mística na obra de Marguerite Porete.” Mestrado thesis, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, 2010. Abstract.

Soleti, Maria Alessandra. “Antigoni allo specchio: La lezione d’Amore di Margherita Porete.” Storia delle donne 4 (2008): 83-102. Abstract and full text.

Soleti, Maria Alessandra. Margherita Porete: Un processo ancora aperto. Una voce mistica nell’Europa tardomedievale. Soggetti Rivelati 42. Padua [Padova]: Poligrafo, 2011.

Soleti, Maria Alessandra. Un ‘processo’ ancora aperto: Margherita Porete, una donna a viso scoperto in uno spazio pubblico. Thesis, Università degli Studi di Siena, 2006. Abstract.

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Solterer, Helen. The Master and Minerva: Disputing Women in French Medieval Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Sommers, Paula. Celestial Ladders: Readings in Marguerite de Navarre’s Poetry of Spiritual Ascent. Geneva: Droz, 1989.

Souillac, Genevieve. “Charisme et prophétisme féminins: Marguerite Porete et le Miroir des simples âmes.” Australian Journal of French Studies 35.3 (Sept.-Dec. 1998): 261-78.

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Spacks, Patricia Meyer. “Reflecting Women.” Yale Review 63 (1973): 26-42.

Spearing, A. C. “Marguerite Porete: Courtliness and Transcendence in The Mirror of Simple Souls.” Envisaging Heaven in the Middle Ages. Ed. Carolyn Muessig and Ad Putter. Routledge Studies in Medieval Religion and Culture 6. London: Routledge, 2007. 120–36.

Spearing, Elizabeth, ed., intro. and notes. Medieval Writings on Female Spirituality. New York: Penguin, 2002.

Spellman, W. M. “Marguerite Porete.” Extraordinary Women of the Medieval and Renaissance World: A Biographical Dictionary. Ed. Carole Levin et al. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000. 241-244.

Stabler, Tanya. “Now She is Martha, Now She is Mary: Beguine Communities in Medieval Paris (1250–1470).” Diss. University of California, Santa Barbara, 2007.

Stabler, Tanya. “What’s in a Name? Clerical Representations of Parisian Beguines (1200-1328).” Journal of Medieval History 33 (2007): 60-86.

Stauffer, Robert, and Wendy Terry, eds. A Companion to Marguerite Porete and “The Mirror of Simple Souls.” Leiden and Boston: Brill, forthcoming in 2014.

Stauffer, Robert. “M.N. and the Yorkshire Circle: The Motivation Behind the Translation of the Mirouer des Simple Ames in Fourteenth-Century England.” Diss. Arizona State University, 2011. Abstract.

Stephens, Rebecca. “Eckhart and Sister Catherine: The Mirror’s Image?” Eckhart Review 6 (1997): 26-39.

Stieber, Joachim W. Pope Eugenius IV, the Council of Basel and the Secular and Ecclesiastical Authorities in the Empire: The Conflict over Supreme Authority and Power in the Church. Leiden: Brill, 1978.

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Ströbele, Christian. “Die Einfachheit Gottes und der Seele: Apophatische Theologie und Psychologie in der Spiegelmotivik bei Margareta Porete, Eckhart von Hochheim und Nikolaus von Kues.” Spiegel der Seele: Reflexionen in Mystik und Malerei, ed. Elena Filippi and Harald Schwaetzer. Münster: Aschendorff, 2012. 103-128.

Strzelczyk, Jerzy. Pióro w wątłych dłoniach. O twórczości kobiet w dawnych wiekach. Vol. 2. Rozkwit (od Murasaki Shikibu do Małgorzaty Porete). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo DiG, 2009.

Stuard, Susan Mosher, ed. Women in Medieval History and Historiography. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1976 and 1987.

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Terry, Wendy. “Seeing Marguerite in the Mirror: A Linguistic Analysis of Porete’s Mirror of Simple Souls.” Diss. Graduate Theological Union, 2007.

Terry, Wendy. Seeing Marguerite in the Mirror. A Linguistic Analysis of Porete’s Mirror of Simple Souls. Leuven: Peeters, 2011.

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Thompson, James Westfall. The Literacy of the Laity in the Middle Ages. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1939.

Toldy, Ferencz. “Margit kir. herczegnő mint ethikai író.” ["Royal Princess Margaret as an Ethical Writer."] Újabb adalékok a régibb Magyar irodalomtörténethez [New Data for the History of Earlier Hungarian Literature]. Értekezék a nyelv- és széptudományok köréből [Essays on Literature and Art]. Budapest: Eggenberger Ferdinánd M. Akad, 1871. pp. 8-14. Online as pdf documents and as a book.

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Trombley, Justine L. “The Shattered Mirror: Fragments of The Mirror of Simple Souls in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Laud Latin 46.” Thesis, University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 2010.

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Tuchman, Barbara. A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous Fourteenth Century. New York: Knopf, 1978. 317.

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Turner, Denys. “The Art of Unknowing: Negative Theology in Late Medieval Thought.” Modern Theology 14.4 (October 1998): 474-488.

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Underhill, Evelyn. “The Mirror of Simple Souls.” Fortnightly Review 95 (Jan.-June 1911): 345-354. On HathiTrust.

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Underhill, Evelyn. Mysticism: A Study in the Nature and Development of Man’s Spiritual Consciousness. London: Methuen, 1911. New York: Dutton, [1911]. On HathiTrust.

Underhill, Marianne. “Empowered by the Love of God: Hildegard of Bingen and Marguerite Porete.” Master’s thesis. Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College, 2010.

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Verdeyen, Paul, and CETEDOC. Instrumenta Lexicologica Latina. Speculum simplicium animarum by Margareta [sic] Porete. Corpus Christianorum Series A, Facsimile 34. “Marguerite Porete: Enumeratio formarum, concordantia formarum, index formarum a tergo ordinantarum.” Turnhout: Brepols, 1986. [This list and accompanying microfiche catalogue the individual words appearing in Verdeyen's edition of the Latin text, and the frequency with which they appear. A more modern, digital tool having the same functions and others is the database Brepols Library of Latin Texts].

Verdeyen, Paul. “Introduction.” Speculum simplicium animarum/ Le mirouer des simples âmes. By Marguerite Porete. Ed. Paul Verdeyen and Romana Guarnieri. Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis 69. Turnhout: Brepols, 1986. v-xiv.

Verdeyen, Paul. “Jan van Ruusbroec te Brussel.” Ons Geestelijk Erf 55 (1981): 281-97.

Verdeyen, Paul. “Oordeel van Ruusbroec over de rechtgelovigheid van Margaretha Porete.” ["Le jugement porté par Ruysbroek sur la foi orthodoxe de Marguerite Porete."] Ons Geestelijk Erf 66.1-2 (1992): 88-96. Transl. by A. Lefevere as “Ruusbroec’s Opinion on Marguerite Porete’s Orthodoxy.” Studies in Spirituality 3 (1993): 121-129. Abstract.

Verdeyen, Paul. “La première tradition latine du Miroir de Marguerite Porete.” Ons Geestelijk Erf 58 (1984): 388-89.

Verdeyen, Paul. “Le procès d’inquisition contre Marguerite Porete et Guiard de Cressonessart (1309-10).” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 81 (1986): 47-94. [This includes an indispensible compilation of the trial records in Latin.]

Verdeyen, Paul. “Porete, Margareta, begijn en mystick Schrijfster.” Nationaal Biografisch Woordenboek. Vol. 13. Ed. Erik Duverger. Brussels, 1990. col. 655-63.

Vernet, F. “Béghards, Béguines Hétérodoxes.” Dictionnaire de théologie catholique. 15 vols. Ed. A. Vacant et al. Paris: Letouzey et Ané, 1923. 2: 528-35.

Vivenza, Valerio. “La figura del Serafino nel misticismo di Margherita Porete.” Diss. University of Verona, 1996.

Voaden, Rosalynn, ed. and intro. Prophets Abroad: The Reception of Continental Holy Women in Late Medieval England. Cambridge: Boydell, 1996.

Voaden, Rosalynn. “Women’s Words, Men’s Language: Discretio spirituum as Discourse in the Writing of Medieval Women Visionaries.” The Medieval Translator 5 / Traduire au Moyen Age 5: Proceedings of the International Conference of Conques, 26-29 July 1993. Ed. Roger Ellis and René Tixier. Turnhout: Brepols, 1996. 64-83.

Voigt, Jörg. Beginen im Spätmittelalter: Frauenfrömmigkeit in Thüringen und im Reich. Wien, Köln, & Weimar [Vienna, Cologne, & Weimar]: Böhlau Verlag, 2012. p. 183-193, “Der Häresieprozess gegen Margarete Porete (1310).”

Voß, Ingeborg. “‘Zurückkehren möchte ich ins Meer’: Der Freiheitsbegreiff der Marguerite Porete in ihrem Buch Der Spiegel der einfachen Seelen.” Lizentiats thesis. University of Freiburg, 1989.

Wainwright-de Kadt, Elizabeth. “Courtly Literature and Mysticism: Some Aspects of Their Interaction.” Acta Germanica 12 (1980): 41-60.

Wakefield, Walter L., and Austin P. Evans. Heresies of the High Middle Ages. New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.

Walsh, Lora. “When the Church’s Gender Mattered: Ecclesia in Trans-Reformation England.” Diss. Northwestern University, 2010.

Walters, Maryl F. “Marguerite Porete, Julian of Norwich, and Mary Baker Eddy: Three Women Claiming Their Place in a World Whose God Is Love.” Master’s Thesis, Eden Theological Seminary, 2012.

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Warner, Marina. Joan of Arc: The Image of Female Heroism. New York: Knopf, 1981.

Watson, Nicholas. “Melting into God the English Way: Deification in the Middle English Version of Marguerite Porete’s Mirouer des simples ames anienties.” Prophets Abroad: The Reception of Continental Holy Women in late Medieval England. Ed. Rosalynn Voaden. Cambridge: Boydell, 1996. 19-49.

Watson, Nicholas. “Misrepresenting the Untranslatable: Marguerite Porete and the Mirouer des Simples Ames.” New Comparison 12 (1991): 124-37.

Watson, Nicholas. Richard Rolle and the Invention of Authority. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Watson, Nicholas. “‘Yf Wommen be Double Naturelly’: Remaking ‘Woman’ in Julian of Norwich’s Revelation of Love.” Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies 8:1 (1996) 1-34.

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Wegener, Lydia. “Eckhart and the World of Women’s Spirituality in the Context of the ‘Free Spirit’ and Marguerite Porete.” A Companion to Meister Eckhart, ed. Jeremiah M. Hackett. Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition, 36. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2012. 415-444.

Wegener, Lydia. “Freiheitsdiskurs und Beginenverfolgung um 1308: Der Fall der Marguerite Porete.” 1308: Eine Topographie historischer Gleichzeitigkeit. ed. and intro. Andreas Speer and David Wirmer. Berlin: de Gruyter; 2010. pp. 199-236. [Questions whether Porete wrote the Mirror.]

Wei, Ian P. Intellectual Culture in Medieval Paris: Theologians and the University, ca. 1100-1330 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. pp. 374-392.

Weil, Simone. La connaisance surnaturelle. Paris: Gallimard, 1950.

Weinstein, Donald, and Rudoph M. Bell. Saints and Society: The Two Worlds of Western Christendom, 1000-1700. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

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West, Clark R. “The Deconstruction of Hell: A History of the Resignatio ad Infernum Tradition.” Diss.
Syracuse University, 2013. Especially sections “Marguerite Porete,” “Was Marguerite a Quietist?,” The simple soul performs her martyrdom,” “The domestication of the tradition,” p. 253-308. Abstract and full text online.

Westfall, Jan Leigh. “Marguerite Porete and the Heresy of the Free Spirit.” Master’s thesis. University of California, Santa Barbara, 1985.

Wiethaus, Ulrike, ed. Maps of Flesh and Light: The Religious Experience of Medieval Women Mystics. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1993.

Wiethaus, Ulrike. “Sexuality, Gender, and the Body in Late Medieval Women’s Spirituality: Cases from Germany and the Netherlands.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 7 (Spring 1991): 35-52.

Wilson, Katharina, ed. and intro. Medieval Women Writers. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1984.

Winternheimer, Alida. “God’s Mirror: The Death and Work of Marguerite Porete, a Novella and Thesis.” Master of Liberal Studies, University of Minnesota, 2009.

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Woods, Richard. “Conclusion: Women and Men in the Development of Late Medieval Mysticism.” Meister Eckhart and the Béguine Mystics. Ed. Bernard McGinn. New York: Continuum, 1994. 147-164.

Wouters, Liliane. “Sorcières ou saintes: Les Béguines.” Bulletin de l’Académie Royale de Langue et de Littérature Françaises 64.3-4 (1986): 267-77.

Wright, Patrick. “Marguerite Porete’s Mirror of Simple Souls and the Subject of Annihilation.” Mystics Quarterly 35.3-4 (2009): 63-98. On JSTOR.

Wronski-Mayersak, Corey. “Dialogic Melting: Representing Mystical Union and Its Instability in Marguerite Porete’s Mirror of Simple Souls.” Viator 42.2 (2011): 157-182. Abstract.

Zech, Andrea. “Performative Inszenierungen eines vernichteten Selbst im Mirouer des simples ames der Marguerite Porete.” Semantik der Gelassenheit: Generierung, Etablierung, Transformation. Ed. Susanne Bernhardt, Imke Früh, and Burkhard Hasebrink. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2012. 48-61.

Zeigler, Johanna. “Reality as Imitation: The Role of Religious Imagery Among the Beguines of the Low Countries.” Maps of Flesh and Light: The Religious Experience of Medieval Women. Ed. Ulrike Wiethaus. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1993. 112-126.

Zimmerman, Elizabeth. “God’s Teachers: Women Writers, Didacticism, and Vernacular Religious Texts in the Later Middle Ages.” Diss. Ohio State University, 2009. Abstract.

Zimmermann, Beatrice Acklin, ed. Denkmodelle von Frauen im Mittelalter. Fribourg, Switzerland: Universitätsverlag, 1994.

Zornado, Joseph. “Free Play: Christian Hierarchies, the Child, and a Negative Way.” Christianity and Literature 47.2 (Winter 1998): 133-66.

Zum Brunn, Emilie. Introduction and notes. Le Miroir des simples âmes anéanties. By Marguerite Porete. Preface and trans. Claude Louis-Combet. Grenoble: Millon, 1991.

Zum Brunn, Emilie. “Non-Willing in Marguerite Porete’s Mirror of Annihilated Souls.” Bulletin de l’Institut Historique Belge de Rome 58 (1988): 11-22.

Zum Brunn, Emilie. “Self, Not-Self and the Ultimate in Marguerite Porete’s Mirror of Annihilated Souls.” God, the Self, and Nothingness: Reflections Eastern and Western. Ed. Robert E. Carter. New York: Paragon House, 1990. 81-88.

Zum Brunn, Emilie. “Une source méconnue de l’ontologie eckhartienne.” Métaphysique, Histoire de la philosophie: Hommage à Fernand Brunner. Neuchâtel, 1981. 111-18.

Zum Brunn, Emilie. “La transformation d’amour selon Marguerite Porete.” Ons Geestelijk Erf 65.2-3 (June-September 1991): 89-107.

Thèses en cours • Theses and Dissertations in Progress • Tesi in corso • Dissertationen in Vorbereitung

De Gier, Imke. “‘Ce livre monstrera a tous vraye lumiere de verité.’ Marguerite Porete’s Le Mirouer des simples ames as a Mystatogic Text.” Universiteit Antwerpen.

Trombley, Justine. “The Latin Manuscripts of Marguerite Porete’s Mirror of Simple Souls.” University of St. Andrews, Scotland.

Wasson, Louise. “Untimely Meditations: Female Mysticism in Medieval Culture and Modern Scholarship.” Queen’s University Belfast.

Marguerite Porete et son livre dans la littérature & culture moderne • Marguerite Porete and her book in modern literature & culture • Margherita Porete e il suo libro nella letteratura e cultura moderna • Marguerite Porete und ihr Buch in der modernen Literatur & Kultur

Balzac, Honoré de. “Les proscrits (études philosophiques)” in Le colonel Chabert (scènes de la vie privée), Le curé de Tours (scènes de la vie de province), Contes: Les proscrits, El Verdugo. Paris: Jean Gillequin, 1912, p. 143-174, especially p. 147. [Dated 1831. Fiction set in Paris in 1308, just after (sic) the burning of "la Porrette."]

Bédard, Jean. Marguerite Porete, l’inspiration de Maître Eckhart. Montréal: VLB Editeur, 2012. [A novel classified as science-fiction/fantasy.]

Bobin, Christian. Le Très-Bas. Paris: Gallimard, 1992.

Camp, Kate. The Mirror of Simple Annihilated Souls. Wellington, New Zealand: Victoria University Press, 2010. [Poetry.]

Carson, Anne. Decreation: Poetry, Essays, Opera. New York: Knopf, 2005; Vintage Contemporaries, 2006 (“An Opera in Three Parts,” p. 185-240, especially 207-222). Also published as “The Mirror of Simple Souls: An Opera Installation Libretto.” The Kenyon Review, New Series 24.1 (Winter 2002): 58-69; on JSTOR. As a performance, “Decreation” with libretto by Anne Carson, choreography by William Forsythe, music composed and played by David Morrow, first performed April 27, 2003 by the Ballett Frankfurt at the Bockenheimer Depot in Frankfurt am Main, and running again there November 6-16, 2014. Performed by The Forsythe Company in London at Sadler’s Wells in 2009; short video clip online. Also performed at the Brooklyn Academy of Music Howard Gilman Opera House in Brooklyn, NY, October 7-10, 2009.

Coverley, M. D. [Marjorie Luesebrink]. “The White Wall: Reframing the Mirror.” Currents in Electronic Literacy 5 (Fall 2001). University of Texas at Austin. Online.

Crespy Le Prince, Charles Edouard de. Chroniques sur les cours de France dédiées à M. le vicomte de Chateaubriand par le baron de Crespy-Le-Prince. Paris: Roux et Cassanet, 1843. On Gallica. [Qualifions ces "chroniques" de fiction.]

Crowley, Aleister. [Untitled reviews of books.] The Equinox 1.6 (September 1911): 164. [Remarks on the Mirror of Simple Souls extract published by Evelyn Underhill in The Porch. "Of all this admirable series this is the best. Such prose I have rarely found in all my reading. I am beggared of wit to review it..."]

Dalglish, Cass. Nin. Duluth, MN: Spinsters Ink, 2000.

Daly, Catherine. “In Medias Res: Five poems, freely adapted from Marguerite Porete / Porette of Hainault [sic] / de Hannonia,” in DaDaDa. London: Salt Publications, 2003.

Del dominio umanitario e della civile barbarie. Paderno Dugnano: Colibri, 1999. [Symbolically attributed to Margherita Porete and Jonathan W. Loguen (Jermain Wesley Loguen).]

Dörge-Heller, W. “Der Spiegel der einfachen Seelen. Requiem für Marguerite Porete. Sprechstück mit Tanzchoreographien & musikalischen Interpretationen.” ["The Mirror of Simple Souls: Requiem for Marguerite Porete. Spoken Word Performance with Dance Choreography and Musical Interpretation."] Choreography by Tuja Heller. Karlsruhe, February 28, 2002. Web site.

Dube, Christopher. “Marguerite Porete’s House of Fire.” Mystics Quarterly 28 Part 3 (2002): 154. [Poem.]

Follett, Ken. World Without End. New York: Penguin, 2010. [Novel, sequel to The Pillars of the Earth.]

Garavelli, Bianca. Le terzine perdute di Dante. Milano: Dalai Editore, 2012. [Novel].

Huigen, René. Levenskunst voor jonge mensen. Amsterdam: De Bezige Bij, 2011. [Poetry.]

Huysmans, Joris-Karl. Sainte Lydwine de Schiedam. 10th ed. Paris: Stock, 1901. Online. [Cette représentation de Marguerite Porete est fantaisiste à tel point qu'il vaut mieux classer ce texte parmi les œuvres de création littéraire.]

Lieberson, Peter. The World in Flower: For SATB [soprano, alto, tenor, bass] Chorus, Mezzo-soprano and Baritone soloists, and Orchestra. New York: Associated Music Publishers, 2009. [Cantatas; musical score including a "Prelude / Marguerite Porete."]

Luesebrink, Marjorie → Coverley, M. D.

Maillet, Caroline. Le roman athlétique de Enlila Apkalu. Paris?: Publibook, 2011.

Lupus, P. Sufenas Virius. All-Soul, All-Body, All-Love, All-Power: A TransMythology. Anacortes, WA: Red Lotus Library, 2012. Section 3, p. 48. [Poetry.]

Lupus, P. Sufenas Virius. Devotio Antinoo: The Doctor’s Notes, vol 1. Anacortes, WA: Red Lotus Library, 2011. Section 3, p. 49, 137-38, 168. [Spirituality/poetry.]

Lupus, P. Sufenas Virius. “The Pearl of God,” online in Aedicula Antinoi: A Small Shrine of Antinous. June 1, 2014. [Poem.]

Maitland, Karen. The Owl Killers: A Novel. Delacorte Press, 2009; Bantam Books, 2010.

Moriarty, John. What the Curlew Said: Nostos Continued. Dublin: Lilliput Press, 2007. p. 65, 335, 365… [Autobiography/ spirituality.]

Perez, Pedro Julio. Vientos de Olvido: Peregrinaje entre crónicas y leyendas. 2008.

Winternheimer, Alida. “God’s Mirror: The Death and Work of Marguerite Porete.” Confluence: The Journal of Graduate Liberal Studies 16.1 (Fall 2010): 12-20. [Short story.]

Yuzna, Susan. Her Slender Dress. Akron Series in Poetry. University of Akron Press, 1996. “Burning the Fake Woman,” p. 37. [Poetry.]

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